The ParticipACTION Report Card is the most comprehensive assessment of child and youth physical activity in Canada. The Report Card synthesizes data from multiple sources, including the best available peer-reviewed research, to assign evidence-informed grades across 12 indicators.
This year's report card shows that Canadian kids are inactive and they may be losing sleep over it. If you think kids can get a little physical activity and then play video games into the wee hours, yet remain healthy, you’re in for a rude awakening. Emerging research, which spurred Canada to develop the world’s first 24-Hour Movement Guidelines, shows that physical activity, sedentary behaviour – and sleep – are closely interrelated.
- The 2016 ParticipACTION Report Card reveals sedentary lifestyles are connected to a creeping ‘sleepidemic’ among Canadian children and youth.
- Children’s sleep duration has decreased between 30 minutes to one hour in recent decades
- 31 per cent of school-aged children and 26 per cent of adolescents in Canada are sleep-deprived
- 36 per cent of Canadian 14-17 year olds find it difficult to stay awake during the day
- 43 per cent of Canadian 16-17 year olds are not getting enough sleep on weekdays
- 33 per cent of 5-13 year olds and 45 per cent of 14-17 year-olds in Canada have trouble going to sleep or staying asleep at least some of the time
- Too little sleep can cause hyperactivity, impulsiveness and a short attention span
- Sleep is an essential component of healthy cognitive and physical development:
- Children with reduced sleep are more likely to struggle with verbal creativity, problem solving, and generally score lower on IQ tests
- Short sleep duration produces adverse hormonal changes like those associated with increased risks of obesity, diabetes and hypertension
- Chronic sleep loss contributes to higher rates of depression and suicidal thoughts